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Bacterial virulence factors

Plant resistance genes


Molecular Diagnosis and Diversity for Regulated Xanthomonas


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This DokuWiki is based upon work from COST Action CA16107 EuroXanth, supported by COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology)


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plant:tomato

Tomato (//Solanum lycopersicum//)

Author: Pavel Beran
Internal reviewer: Inga Moročko-Bičevska
Expert reviewer: FIXME

Pathogen: //Xanthomonas euvesicatoria// pv. //euvesicatoria//

Resistance gene: //Bs2// (transgene)

Synonyms

NA

Source

Capsicum chacoense (Cook & Stall, 1963).

Status (identified, mapped, cloned, sequenced)

Sequenced.

Molecular markers

Transgene.

Brief description

Expression of the Bs2 pepper gene confers resistance to bacterial spot disease in tomato (Tai et al., 1999). Transgenic Bs2 resistance confers effective field level control of bacterial spot disease in tomato (Horvath et al., 2012).


Resistance gene: //rx1//

Synonyms

NA

Source

Tomato Hawaii 7998.

Status (identified, mapped, cloned, sequenced)

Mapped on chromosome 1 (Yu et al., 1995).

Molecular markers

Southern blot, RFLP.

Brief description

HR-inducing resistance to T1 race (Yu et al., 1995).


Resistance gene: //rx2//

Synonyms

NA

Source

Tomato Hawaii 7998.

Status (identified, mapped, cloned, sequenced)

Mapped on chromosome 1 (Yu et al., 1995).

Molecular markers

Southern blot, RFLP.

Brief description

HR-inducing resistance to T1 race (Yu et al., 1995).


Resistance gene: //rx3//

Synonyms

NA

Source

Tomato Hawaii 7998.

Status (identified, mapped, cloned, sequenced)

Mapped on chromosome 5 (Yu et al., 1995).

Molecular markers

Southern blot, RFLP, SNP (Yang et al., 2005).

Brief description

HR-inducing resistance to T1 race (Yu et al., 1995).


Pathogen: //Xanthomonas euvesicatoria// pv. //perforans//

Resistance gene: //Rx4//

Synonyms

(possibly alleles of the same gene with Xv3 and RxLA1589 ) (Zhao et al., 2015).

Source

S. pimpinellifolium PI128216.

Status (identified, mapped, cloned, sequenced)

Mapped on chromosome 11, sequenced (Pei et al., 2012).

Molecular markers

SNP, InDel, SSR (Pei et al., 2012).

Brief description

NBS-LRR class of resistance (Robbins et al., 2009).


Resistance gene: //Rx LA1589//

Synonyms

(possibly alleles of the same gene with Rx4 and Xv3) (Zhao et al., 2015).

Source

S. pimpinellifolium LA1589.

Status (identified, mapped, cloned, sequenced)

Mapped on chromosome 11, sequenced (Pei et al., 2012).

Molecular markers

SNP, InDel, SSR (Pei et al., 2012).

Brief description

NBS-LRR class of resistance (Sun et al., 2011).


Resistance gene: //Xv3//

Synonyms

(possibly alleles of the same gene with Rx4 and RxLA1589 ) (Zhao et al., 2015).

Source

S. pimpinellifolium PI126932.

Status (identified, mapped, cloned, sequenced)

Mapped on chromosome 11, sequenced (Pei et al., 2012).

Molecular markers

SNP, InDel, SSR (Pei et al., 2012).

Brief description

NBS-LRR class of resistance (Scott et al., 1996).


Resistance gene: //Xv4//

Synonyms

NA

Source

L. pennellii LA716.

Status (identified, mapped, cloned, sequenced)

Mapped on chromosome 3, sequenced.

Molecular markers

RFLP, PCR-based.

Brief description

HR-inducing resistance to T3 race (Astua-Monge et al., 2000).


Resistance gene: //rx1//

Synonyms

NA

Source

Tomato Hawaii 7998.

Status (identified, mapped, cloned, sequenced)

Mapped on chromosome 1 (Yu et al., 1995).

Molecular markers

Southern blot, RFLP.

Brief description

HR-inducing resistance to T1 race (Yu et al., 1995).


Resistance gene: //rx2//

Synonyms

NA

Source

Tomato Hawaii 7998.

Status (identified, mapped, cloned, sequenced)

Mapped on chromosome 1 (Yu et al., 1995).

Molecular markers

Southern blot, RFLP.

Brief description

HR-inducing resistance to T1 race (Yu et al., 1995).


Resistance gene: //rx3//

Synonyms

NA

Source

Tomato Hawaii 7998.

Status (identified, mapped, cloned, sequenced)

Mapped on chromosome 5 (Yu et al., 1995).

Molecular markers

Southern blot, RFLP, SNP (Yang et al., 2005).

Brief description

HR-inducing resistance to T1 race (Yu et al., 1995).


Pathogen: //Xanthomonas euvesicatoria// pv. //perforans//

Resistance gene: //Rx4//

Synonyms

(possibly alleles of the same gene with Xv3 and RxLA1589 ) (Zhao et al., 2015).

Source

S. pimpinellifolium PI128216.

Status (identified, mapped, cloned, sequenced)

Mapped on chromosome 11, sequenced (Pei et al., 2012).

Molecular markers

SNP, InDel, SSR (Pei et al., 2012).

Brief description

NBS-LRR class of resistance (Robbins et al., 2009).


Resistance gene: //Rx LA1589//

Synonyms

(possibly alleles of the same gene with Rx4 and Xv3) (Zhao et al., 2015).

Source

S. pimpinellifolium LA1589.

Status (identified, mapped, cloned, sequenced)

Mapped on chromosome 11, sequenced (Pei et al., 2012).

Molecular markers

SNP, InDel, SSR (Pei et al., 2012).

Brief description

NBS-LRR class of resistance (Sun et al., 2011).


Resistance gene: //Xv3//

Synonyms

(possibly alleles of the same gene with Rx4 and RxLA1589 ) (Zhao et al., 2015).

Source

S. pimpinellifolium PI126932.

Status (identified, mapped, cloned, sequenced)

Mapped on chromosome 11, sequenced (Pei et al., 2012).

Molecular markers

SNP, InDel, SSR (Pei et al., 2012).

Brief description

NBS-LRR class of resistance (Scott et al., 1996).


Resistance gene: //Xv4//

Synonyms

NA

Source

L. pennellii LA716.

Status (identified, mapped, cloned, sequenced)

Mapped on chromosome 3, sequenced.

Molecular markers

RFLP, PCR-based.

Brief description

HR-inducing resistance to T3 race (Astua-Monge et al., 2000).


References

Astua-Monge G, Minsavage GV, Stall RE, Vallejos CE, Davis MJ, Jones JB (2000). Xv4-avrxv4: a new gene-for-gene interaction identified between Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria race T3 and the wild tomato relative Lycopersicon pennellii. Mol. Plant Microbe Interact. 13: 1346-1355. DOI: 10.1094/MPMI.2000.13.12.1346

Cook AA, Stall RE (1963). Inheritance of resistance in pepper to bacterial spot. Phytopathology 53: 1060-1062.

Horvath DM, Stall RE, Jones JB, Pauly MH, Vallad GE, Dahlbeck D, Staskawicz BJ, Scott JW (2012). Transgenic resistance confers effective field level control of bacterial spot disease in tomato. PLoS One 7: e42036. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0042036

Pei C, Wang H, Zhang J, Wang Y, Francis DM, Yang W (2012). Fine mapping and analysis of a candidate gene in tomato accession PI128216 conferring hypersensitive resistance to bacterial spot race T3. Theor. Appl. Genet. 124: 533-542. DOI: 10.1007/s00122-011-1726-1

Robbins MD, Darrigues A, Sim SC, Masud MA, Francis DM (2009). Characterization of hypersensitive resistance to bacterial spot race T3 (Xanthomonas perforans) from tomato accession PI 128216. Phytopathology 99: 1037-1044. DOI: 10.1094/PHYTO-99-9-1037

Scott JW, Stall RE, Jones JB, Somodi GC (1996). A single gene controls the hypersensitive response of Hawaii 7981 to race 3 (T3) of the bacterial spot pathogen. Rpt. Tomato Genet. Coop. 46: 23.

Sun HJ, Liu XX, Li WH, Yang WC (2011). Preliminary mapping of a gene in tomato accession LA1589 conferring resistance to race T3 of bacterial spot. J. Agric. Univ. Hebei. 34: 65-69.

Tai TH, Dahlbeck D, Clark ET, Gajiwala P, Pasion R, Whalen MC, Stall RE, Staskawicz BJ (1999). Expression of the Bs2 pepper gene confers resistance to bacterial spot disease in tomato. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 96: 14153-14158. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.96.24.14153

Yang W, Sacks EJ, Lewis Ivey ML, Miller SA, Francis DM (2005). Resistance in Lycopersicon esculentum intraspecific crosses to race T1 strains of Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria causing bacterial spot of tomato. Phytopathology. 95: 519-527. DOI: 10.1094/PHYTO-95-0519

Yu ZH, Wang JF, Stall RE, Vallejos CE (1995). Genomic localization of tomato genes that control a hypersensitive reaction to Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria (Doidge) Dye. Genetics 141: 675-682. PDF: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1206765/pdf/ge1412675.pdf

Zhao B, Cao H, Duan J, Yang W (2015). Allelic tests and sequence analysis of three genes for resistance to Xanthomonas perforans race T3 in tomato. Hort. Plant J. 1: 41-47. DOI: 10.16420/j.issn.2095-9885.2015-0001


Further reading

Adhikari P, Adhikari TB, Louws FJ, Panthee DR (2020). Advances and challenges in bacterial spot resistance breeding in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.). Int. J. Mol. Sci. 21: 1734. DOI: 10.3390/ijms21051734

de Souza MFM, Rodrigues R, do Amaral jr. AT, Sudré CP (2008). Resistance to Xanthomonas spp. in tomato: diallel analysis and gene effects estimative in a breeding programme carried out in Brazil. J. Phytopathol. 156: 660-667. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0434.2008.01474.x

Hutton SF, Scott JW, Jones JB (2010). Inheritance of resistance to bacterial spot race T4 from three tomato breeding lines with differing resistance backgrounds. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 135: 150-158. DOI: 10.21273/JASHS.135.2.150

Stall RE, Jones JB, Minsavage GV (2009). Durability of resistance in tomato and pepper to xanthomonads causing bacterial spot. Ann. Rev. Phytopathol. 47: 265-284. DOI: 10.1146/annurev-phyto-080508-081752

plant/tomato.txt · Last modified: 2020/07/13 15:45 by rkoebnik